Some Thoughts on
1) Common sense is reasoning based on long experience with all the elements of
an argument. If there is no long experience with one or more element(s),
then the use of common sense is not justified.
2) It is better to believe, than not to, in everything that one hears or reads, that
one cannot argue against. Certainly one will, as a result, believe false inform-
ation, but eventually one will be able to sort out true from false. If one insists
on only accepting information from sources that have scientific or professional
Standards one, ironically, will be very ignorant, as such information is expen-
sive to produce and thus the amount is very limited. In addition the economic
forces that pay for it will suppress any negative information, thus making the
exclusive user of such information biassed. Other criteria for used "truth"
are the "yuckie-yummy" test, the authority test and the consistency
test. If some information is yuckie, it is false; if it is yummy, it is true.
The authority test holds that if information is consistent with prestigious auth-
orities then it is true, if not, then it is false. The consistency test holds that
if information is consistent with prior information it is true and if not, false.
3) There is no periodical nor book that either completely true or completely
false. Every book or periodical has something that is true and of possible
value, even the writings of Conservatives, Socialists, Catholics, Protestants,
Hitler, Stalin or even Mao.
4) The educational system develops the intellect of the child until the age of nine
or so, thereafter all that is taught is memorisation. Thus the intellectual level of
999 of every 1000 adults is stuck at this level. Certainly rational thinking is tau-
ght in certain specialties in colleges, such as law, medicine etc. but the rational
thought is only practised within their specialities; the rationality does not extend
outside of the speciality and the experts think just as childishly as the rest of
5) Intuition is a sensitive instrument, but a dumb one. To rectify this, dumb, raw
thoughts should be expressed in complete, grammatical English: then the thou-
ghts could be rationally evaluated and the dumb ones identified.
6) A statement that something does not exist (called a philosophically negative state-
ment) can be difficult or impossible to prove. To prove a negative statement the
author, or a reliable agent, must search the whole context stated or implied by
the statement. For example, "There are no apples in those ten boxes" can be
easily proven. The statement: "There are no icicles in Africa" would require the
whole of Africa to be searched.