Birth trauma    Bonding (attachment)  Undisturbed First Hour

7 Huge Benefits of An Undisturbed First Hour After Birth

By Sam McCulloch / May 28, 2015 http://www.bellybelly.com.au

The way your baby is cared for and nurtured immediately after birth significantly impacts their transition from the womb to life outside. In a culture that commonly separates mothers and babies for routine procedures such as cleaning, weighing and measuring, most babies are missing that critical time of being skin to skin with their mothers, which has short and long term consequences for all.

As these procedures are not necessary to maintain or enhance the wellbeing of either mother or baby, there is no reason why they cannot be delayed beyond the first critical hour.

The first hour should be focused on babyís first breastfeed and mother-baby and family bonding. Unless mother or baby is in need of medical assistance, hospital protocols should support this time of new beginnings for both vaginal and caesarean births.

What Is An Undisturbed First Hour?

Babies are born and immediately placed tummy down on their motherís stomach. A warm blanket should be placed over both mother and baby, to keep mother warm. This slows the production of adrenaline hormone in her so as to not interfere with oxytocin and prolactin hormones being produced [essential for bonding and breastfeeding].

At this time, the motherís needs are simple: warmth and a quiet, calm environment. It is important to remember that she is still in labour Ė the placenta and membranes are still to be birthed, and her uterus needs to contract down.

Here are 7 important reasons why the first hour after birth should be undisturbed:

#1: Baby-Led Initiation of Breastfeeding

It is quite common these days for hospital staff to want baby to begin breastfeeding within the first hour. In addition to the importance of early feeding for mother-baby attachment and bonding, it also helps to expel the placenta more quickly and easily, reducing the risk of postpartum haemorrhage. Read more about the benefits of a natural third stage here.

It is common for caregivers to assist baby to latch onto the nipple, which is unnecessary in most cases. When babies who have not been exposed to medications are placed skin to skin with their mothers and left undisturbed, they will instinctually crawl to their motherís breast and attach themselves to the nipple. This is now known as the Ďbreast crawlí and was first observed by Swedish researchers in the 1980s. Further observation discovered that babies are born with innate instincts that assist them in finding their motherís nipple, like all newborn mammals.

#2: Body System Regulation

Babies who are left skin to skin with their mothers for the first hours immediately after birth are better able to regulate their temperature and respiration. Newborns arenít able to adjust their body temperature as well as older children and adults as they donít have the same insulating fat levels. They have spent nine months in an environment that is perfectly temperature controlled. If babies lose too much heat, they have to use more energy and oxygen than they can spare to try and keep their temperature stable

An undisturbed first hour with skin to skin also reduces the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels). Newborn babies can produce glucose from their body stores of energy until they are breastfeeding well and are more likely to do so when they remain skin to skin with their mothers.

#3: Promotes Delayed Cord Clamping

Leaving the umbilical cord intact while it is still pulsating allows babies to receive oxygen still via the placenta, while adjusting to breathing through their lungs. Being skin to skin with their mothers helps babies to stabilise respiration, meaning that their cord will remain intact for longer and giving them more chance to receive vital red blood cells and reduce the risk of iron deficiency anaemia (read more from BellyBelly on delayed cord clamping here).

#4: Promotes Mother-Baby Attachment

Prolonged skin to skin after birth allows mother and baby to get to know each other. Mothers who have skin to skin contact after birth are more likely to feel confident and comfortable in meeting their babiesí needs than those who had none. Attachment is critical to newborn survival and mothers are hard wired to look after their young. Oxytocin receptors in a womanís brain increase during pregnancy, so when her baby is born, she is more responsive to this hormone that promotes maternal behaviour. Oxytocin is produced in large amounts when breastfeeding and holding babies close skin to skin.

Mothers who had early skin to skin with their babies are more likely to demonstrate bonding behaviours later in their childís life, such as kissing, holding, positive speaking and so on.

#5: Improves Breastfeeding Success Rates

Breastfeeding initiation and duration is likely to be more successful with babies who have early skin to skin contact. This is particularly important in countries where breastfeeding rates significantly drop a few months after birth, such as Australia, America and the UK. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for babies in the first six months to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Creating the right conditions for the initiation of breastfeeding would help promote longer durations of breastfeeding for many women.

Babies who are left to self attach usually have a better chance of proper tongue positioning when latching. This can increase long term breastfeeding as mothers experience more ease and fewer problems when latching is not an issue.

#6: Protects Against The Effects of Separation

Babies are born ready to interact with their mothers Ė a newborn baby who has not been exposed to excessive medication will be very alert and gaze intently into their motherís face, recognising her smell, sound of her voice and the touch of her skin. Remaining with their mother is key to a babyís survival and separation is life threatening. Babies are born with a mammalís primal instinct to stay within the safe habitat of mother, where there is warmth, safety and nourishment.

When babies are separated from their mother they will protest loudly, drawing their motherís attention to their distress. Babies undergo what is literally a cold turkey withdrawal from the sensory stimulation of their motherís body. If they are not reunited with their mother despite their protests, they will go into a despair state Ė essentially giving up and becoming quiet and still. This is partly a survival instinct to avoid attracting predators, and their body systems slow down to preserve energy and heat.

#7: Boost Your Babyís Immunity Naturally

When babies are born, they emerge from a near-sterile environment in the uterus and are seeded by their motherís bacteria. This essentially trains the babyís cells to understand what is Ďgoodí and Ďbadí bacteria. This kickstarts their immune system to fight off infections and protects from disease in the future.

Research indicates that if babies arenít given this opportunity to be exposed to their motherís bacteria, either because they are not born vaginally, held skin to skin or breastfed, then the babyís immune system may not reach its full potential and can increase the childís risk of disease in the future.

Skin to skin contact and early breastfeeding is an excellent way to help increase your babyís exposure to bacteria if you need a caesarean section for medical reasons. Find out more ways to boost your babyís immune system here.

Tips For Planning An Undisturbed Hour After Birth

A better understanding of how an undisturbed hour after birth impacts breastfeeding, mother wellbeing and newborn development, helps make it possible for us to make informed choices about this critical period: