As High Commissioner of occupied Germany, John McCloy was instrumental in the early release and commutation of numerous Nazi war criminals. In October 1950, he commuted the five-year sentence of Baron Ernst von Weizsacker, who as a Nazi Foreign Office official had been convicted of complicity in the deportation of some six thousand Jews from France to Poland. In January of the following year, McCloy announced that five of the fifteen death sentences from the Nuremburg judgements would be carried out. He then reduced the sentences of sixty four of the remaining seventy four war criminals. One third of these were to be released immediately. He also reduced the sentences of all the remaining convicted doctors who had experimented on concentration camp inmates. One SS officer who confessed to having personally executing fifteen hundred Jews was reprieved because he had later refused to carry out any further murders---Book Review: A Nation Betrayed: The Chilling True Story of Secret Cold War Experiments Performed on our Children and Other Innocent People by Carol Rutz
One must ask the question, "How could a man who was responsible
for such actions, rise to such power in the government and private
circles of the United States? Prior to the War, McCloy was a
senior partner with Milbank, Tweed, whose most important client was
the Rockefeller family's bank, Chase National. ...
In 1947, McCloy was named to head the World Bank, which was made up
of 40 countries with $8 billion in assets. McCloy and two other
board members spent three months in Nelson Rockefeller's personal home
organizing the bank along commercial lines.
In 1948, McCloy participated in a classified study of the CIA. He
attended weekly meetings where he questioned CIA Director Rear Admiral
Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, George Kennan, Frank Wisner, and many other
officials of the State Department and National Security Council. He
recommended that the CIA should be given autonomy...
In the 50s McCloy became chairman of the Chase National Bank and
David Rockefeller became his protege. He and David were both members
of the COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS. Also members of the CFR were
[CIA head] Allen Dulles, Henry Kissinger [accused as an MKULTRA perp
by another victim], and Henry Heald, president of the Ford Foundation.
To say that John McCloy rubbed shoulders with some of the most influential
people of that decade (1950s) is an understatement.... In fact, Henry
[Kissinger] served as a consultant to the president's PSYCHOLOGICAL
STRATEGY BOARD, which [J. Edgar] Hoover regarded as a RIVAL INTELLIGENCE
GROUP. C.D. Jackson, the chief of the Psychological Strategy Board,
frequently consulted with McCloy. Kai Bird referred to this as "A NEW
RATHER SHADOWY EXECUTIVER AGENCY THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO HELP COORDINATE
COVERT INTELLIGENCE WITH SOPHISTICATED PROPAGANDA PROGRAMS.