STATISTICS ON MALARIA
- Malaria is one of the planet's deadliest diseases and one of the leading
causes of sickness and death in the developing world. According to the World
Health Organization there are 300 to 500 million clinical cases of malaria
each year resulting in 1.5 to 2.7 million deaths.
- Children aged one to four are the most vulnerable to infection and
death. Malaria is responsible for as many as half the deaths of African
children under the age of five. The disease kills more than one million
children - 2,800 per day - each year in Africa alone. In regions of intense
transmission, 40% of toddlers may die of acute malaria.
- About 40% of the world's population - about two billion people - are at
risk in about 90 countries and territories. 80 to 90% of malaria deaths
occur in sub-Saharan Africa where 90% of the infected people live.
- Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest malaria infection
rate. Here alone, the disease kills at least one million people each year.
According to some estimates, 275 million out of a total of 530 million
people have malaria parasites in their blood, although they may not develop
- Of the four human malaria strains, Plasmodium falciparum is the
most common and deadly form. It is responsible for about 95% of malaria
deaths worldwide and has a mortality rate of 1-3%.
- In the early 1960s, only 10% the world's population was at risk of
contracting malaria. This rose to 40% as mosquitoes developed resistance to
pesticides and malaria parasites developed resistance to treatment drugs.
Malaria is now spreading to areas previously free of the disease.
- Malaria kills 8,000 Brazilians yearly - more than AIDS and cholera
- There were 483 reported cases of malaria in Canada in 1993, according to
Health Canada and approximately 431 in 1994. The Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention in the United States received reports of 910 cases of malaria
in 1992 and seven of those cases were acquired there. In 1970, reported
malaria cases in the U.S. were 4,247 with more than 4,000 of the total being
U.S. military personnel.
- According to material from Third World Network Features, in Africa
alone, direct and indirect costs of malaria amounted to US $800 million in
1987 and are expected to reach US $1.8 billion annually by 1995.
Sources : The Malaria Control Programme, World Health Organization, Third
World Network Features, Health Canada, The Centers for Disease Control and
and Desowitz, Robert S. The Malaria Capers (More Tales of Parasites and
People, Research and Reality). W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 199