Day care (under 5)
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[2009 June] The nursery generation: Two-thirds of children left with carers as more mothers work  Two-thirds of all pre-school children spend at least part of their week in nurseries, figures showed yesterday. Their ranks have more than trebled over the past three decades as growing numbers of mothers of children under five have opted to go to work rather than stay at home. Despite warnings about the potential effects on youngsters' behaviour of spending time in childcare, 64 per cent of all three and four-year-olds were 'enrolled in early years education in UK schools' last year, according to the Office for National Statistics.

The report of the NICHD (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Study of Early Child Care (SECC) found that infants and very young children who spend more than 30 hours a week in child care "are far more demanding, more noncompliant, and they are more aggressive" and "They scored higher on things like gets in lots of fights, cruelty, bullying, meanness as well as talking too much, demands must be met immediately", according to Dr.Belsky, one of the principle investigators" (Stolberg, New York Times, April 19, 2001).......It has yet to be recognized that cruelty, bullying and meanness that terrorizes so many of our children and youth in our elementary schools and high schools have their roots in the emotional trauma of mother-infant/child separations associated with institutionalized day care and from other separations. [2002] The Origins of Love & Violence: An Overview by James W. Prescott, Ph.D.